In today’s fast-paced development environment, companies face demands for efficiency, speed, and high quality to stay competitive. Software development often occurs incrementally, making it unsustainable to manually test each iteration before release. Test automation has become crucial to address these challenges. If you’re interested in the implementation of test automation but find yourself uncertain about where to start, this article is tailored for you. We delve into the essence of test automation, address crucial considerations, and provide insights into the tools that can streamline the process.
What is Test Automation?
Automating tests involves using frameworks and tools to create tests that can run independently and integrate with a test object. Test automation can be categorized based on its suitability, with two main approaches: code-driven automation (via API) and GUI-based automation. Within test automation, several levels exist:
Business Process Coverage
Key Considerations for Getting Started with Automation
When initiating test automation, several crucial factors should be considered. It doesn’t have to be perfect from the start; starting with small parts and progressing gradually is better than not starting at all. Here are some examples:
Always prioritize value.
Engage the organization.
Start and evolve gradually.
Allow automation at different levels to work together.
When it comes to tools, there are many factors to consider before making a decision. Unlike the past, where a single tool was often used for all test automation, today’s complex systems require different tools for different parts. All-in-one tools often lack expertise. The current approach involves finding specific tools for different situations and needs, enabling the creation of a custom toolbox for individual requirements.
Consider the following points before deciding:
Code-Driven or GUI-Based: Choose based on what you need to test. GUI-based tools like Selenium or WebDriver are suitable for testing the graphical interface via a browser. If you are automating against APIs and have strong development skills, RestAssured could be an option.
Competence: Assess existing organizational competence before tool selection, considering cultural factors like platforms and development tools.
Compatibility: Choosing a tool compatible with the existing technology in the organization is crucial.
Test automation is undeniably a strategic component in the modern development landscape. Through this article, we encourage a gradual implementation approach, emphasizing the delivery of value, organizational engagement, and collaboration across different levels. When selecting automation tools, prioritize based on your project’s specific testing needs. By adopting these principles, you navigate challenges seamlessly, significantly enhancing the efficiency, speed, and quality of your software development processes. This ensures a competitive edge in meeting short-time-to-market demands.
About the author
Viktor Laszlo is an expert in automation and for more than 22 years he has worked to streamline software testing and development both internationally and in Sweden. Viktor has extensive knowledge in system development and programming as well as in developing tools for functional and performance tests.